A mixtape alternatively mix-tape or mix tape is a compilation of music, typically from multiple sources, recorded onto a medium. With origins in the s, the term normally describes a homemade compilation of music onto a cassette tapeCDor digital playlist. The songs are either ordered sequentially or made into a continuous program by beatmatching the songs and creating seamless transitions at their beginnings and endings with fades or abrupt edits.
However, the term has been applied to a number of releases published for profit in the s; in this context, a mixtape is comparable to a studio album or extended play. Homemade mix tapes became common in the s. Although the compact audio cassette by Philips appeared at the Berlin Radio Show the sound quality of cassettes was not good enough to be seriously considered for music recording until further advances in tape formulations, including the advent of chrome and metal tape.
Before the introduction of the audio cassette, the creation of a pop music compilation required specialized or cumbersome equipment, such as a reel-to-reel or 8 track recorder, that was often inaccessible to the casual music fan. As cassette tapes and recorders grew in popularity and portability, these technological hurdles were lowered to the point where the only resources required to create a mix were a handful of cassettes and a cassette recorder connected to a source of pre-recorded music, such as a radio or LP player.
The 8-track tape cartridge was more popular for music recording during much of the s, as the cassette was originally only mono and intended for vocal recordings only, such as in office dictation machines. But improvements in fidelity finally allowed the cassette to become a major player. The ready availability of the cassette and higher quality home recording decks to serve the casual home user allowed the cassette to become the dominant tape format, to the point that the 8 track tape nearly disappeared shortly after the turn of the s.
The growth of the mixtape was also encouraged by improved quality and Doctors Orders - Various - Disco Mix Club - May 1984 - Tape 3 (Cassette) popularity of audio cassette players in car entertainment systemsand by the introduction of the Sony Walkman in A distinction should be drawn between a private mixtape, which is usually intended for a specific listener or private social event, and a Doctors Orders - Various - Disco Mix Club - May 1984 - Tape 3 (Cassette) mixtape, or "party tape", usually consisting of a recording of a club performance by a DJ and intended to be sold to multiple individuals.
In the s, such DJs as Grandmaster Flash and the Furious FiveAfrika Bambaataa and the Soulsonic Force, Kool Herc and the Herculoidsand DJ Hollywood would often distribute recordings of their club performances via audio cassette, as well as customized recordings often prepared at exorbitant prices for individual tape purchasers. These recordings tended to be of higher technical ability than home-made mixtapes and incorporated techniques such as beatmatching and scratching.
One 12 October article in Billboard reported, "Tapes were originally dubbed by jockeys to serve as standbys for times when they did not have disco turntables to hand.
The tapes represent each jockey's concept of programming, placing, and sequencing of record sides. The music is heard without interruption. Throughout the s, mixtapes were a highly visible element of youth culture. However, the increased availability of CD burners and MP3 players and the gradual disappearance of cassette players in cars and households have led to a decline in the popularity of the compact audio cassette as a medium for homemade mixes.
The high point of traditional mixtape culture was arguably the publication of Nick Hornby's novel High Fidelity in Since then, mixtapes have largely been replaced by mix CDs and shared MP3 playlists, which are more durable, can hold more songs, and require minutes rather than hours to prepare, and MP3 players take only seconds compared to CD-Rs.
Today, websites concerned with electronic music provide mixes in a digital format. These usually consist of recorded DJ sets of live, beat-matched mixes of songs, which are used by DJs seeking to demonstrate their mixing skills to an online audience. The resulting remix or mash-up can be seen as an evolution of the mixtape, in that it appropriates existing songs to give them new meanings through their juxtaposition, but does so in a quicker, more integrated style.
This practice is heavily derived from the use of song loops as musical backdrops for an MC's rhymes in hip hop musicDoctors Orders - Various - Disco Mix Club - May 1984 - Tape 3 (Cassette), which is also related to turntablism. Frank Creighton, a director of anti-copyright infringement efforts for the Recording Industry Association of Americaconsiders that "money did not have Doctors Orders - Various - Disco Mix Club - May 1984 - Tape 3 (Cassette) be involved for copying to be illegal".
While the process of recording a mix onto an audio cassette from LPs or compact discs is technically straightforward, many music fans who create more than one mixtape are eventually compelled to confront some of the practical and aesthetic challenges involved in the mixtape format. From a practical standpoint, such issues as avoiding an excessive amount of blank tape at the end of one side which requires careful planning of the length of each side of the mix and reducing the audible click between songs which requires mastery of the pause button on the cassette recorder have been identified as part of the shared experience of mixtape aficionados.
From an aesthetic point of view, many enthusiasts believe that because a tape player, unlike a CD player, lacks the ability to skip from song to song, the mixtape needs to be considered in its entirety. This requires the mixtape creator to consider the transitions between songs, the effects caused by juxtaposing a soft song with a loud song, and the overall " narrative arc " of the entire tape.
One notable listing of such aesthetic "rules" can be found in a paragraph from Nick Hornby 's High Fidelity . To me, making a tape is like writing a letter—there's a lot of erasing and rethinking and starting again. A good compilation tape, like breaking up, is hard to do. You've got to kick off with a corker, to hold the attention I started with "Got to Get You Off My Mind", but then realized that she might not get any further than track one, side one if I delivered what she wanted straightaway, so I buried it in the middle of side twoand then you've got to up it a notch, or cool it a notch, and you can't have white music and black music together, unless the white music sounds like black music, and you can't have two tracks by the same artist side by side, unless you've done the whole thing in pairs and Many enthusiasts also devote substantial attention to the packaging of a mix tape intended as a gift, sometimes going so far as to create cover art and customized liner notes.
The cover of the original McSweeney's edition of 31 Songsa essay collection by Nick Hornbywas intended to suggest the packaging of a homemade mixtape, with the Side A half of a Maxell cassette J-card as the front cover and the Side B half on the back cover, Doctors Orders - Various - Disco Mix Club - May 1984 - Tape 3 (Cassette).
It also came with an actual CD featuring ten of the songs discussed in the text. Indeed, the look of mix tapes, featuring hand-written notes on the recording medium manufacturer's supplied labels, has become one of the aesthetic conventions of modern design, a distinct style that designers may attempt to copy or cite. From an artistic point of view, many creators [ who? Some argue that in selecting, juxtaposing, or even editing Doctors Orders - Various - Disco Mix Club - May 1984 - Tape 3 (Cassette) unrelated tracks of pop music into a new work of art, the "author" of a mix tape moves from passive listener to archivisteditorand finally active participant in the process of musical creation.
Some legitimacy for this viewpoint was provided by Cassette Storiesa exhibition at the Museum of Communication in Hamburg, Germanywhich featured stories and submissions from eighty mix tape enthusiasts. However, this perception of the mix tape as a work of art has been criticized [ by whom? Like Like. Yes, Tony Monson still going strong on Solar Radio every weekday till Always a good listen. Would love to see an archive of his Street Sales chart that appeared in Black Echoes.
Would be great to compare what was being bought compared to what what was being danced to. You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Google account. You are commenting using your Twitter account.
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